John M Kirk

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Articles and Chapters

Journal Articles and Book Chapters

2021        Irish English and World Englishes’. In Exploring the Landscapes of Irish English Research, ed. by Stephen Lucek & Carolina Amador-Moreno.     
                Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 270-288.

                (with Anna Cermáková) 'International Comparable Corpus: Challenges in building multilingual spoken and written comparable corpora', Research in Corpus   
                Linguistics vol. 9(1), pp. 89-103 (Special Issue entitled Challenges in combining structured and unstructured data in corpus development, ed. by Tanja Säily and 
                Jukka Tyrkko).

2020
'The Digital Lexical Atlas of Scotland Corpus: New Opportunities for Researching the Vocabulary of Scots'. In Language and Linguistics in a Complex World: Data, Interdisciplinarity, Transfer, and the Next Generation, ed. by Beatrix Busse, Nina Dumrukcic & Ruth Möhlig-Falke. Heidelberg University & University of Cologne. pp. 119-124.
(with Christian Hessle) 'Towards a Digital Lexical Atlas of Scotland' Scottish Language 39. pp. 1-39.
(with Christian Hessle) 'Digitising Collections of Historical Linguistic Data: The Example of the Linguistic Atlas of Scotland'. In Visualisations in Historical Linguistics, ed. by Bettelou Los, Benjamin Molineuax & Marti Mäkinen. Special Issue of Journal of Data Mining and Digital Humanities. pp.1-17. https://jdmdh.episciences.org/page/visualisations-in-historical-linguistics.
(with Vander Viana) 'Academic Prose Across Countries: An Investigation of the Humanities and Technology Texts in the International Corpus of English'. In Variation in Time and Space: Observing the World through Corpora, ed. by Anna Cermáková & Markéta Malá (Diskursmuster - Discourse Patterns, vol. 20) (Berlin: de Gruyter). pp 283-320.
2019
'The modal auxiliary verb may and change in Irish English?' In Processes of Change: Studies in Late Modern and Present-day English. ed. by Sandra Jansen & Lucia Siebers (Amsterdam: John Benjamins). pp. 183-202.
2018
(with Gerald Nelson) 'The International Corpus of English Project:A Progress Report'. In World Englishes, 37(4), 2018. pp. 697–716.
'The Pragmatics of Well as a Discourse Marker in Broadcast Discussions'. In Corpora and Lexis, ed. by Sebastian Hoffmann, Andrea Sand, Sabine Arndt-Lippe & Lisa Maria Dillmann (Leiden: Brill). pp. 140-172.
'Developments in the Spoken Component of ICE Corpora'. World Englishes 36(3), pp. 371-386.
'The Present Perfect in Irish English', World Englishes, 36(2), pp. 239–253.
(with Anna Cermáková) 'From ICE to ICC: The New International Comparable Corpus'. In eds. Piotr Ba?ski, et al. Proceedings of the Workshop on Challenges in the Management of Large Corpora and Big Data and Natural Language Processing (CMLC-5+BigNLP) 2017, Birmingham, Mannheim: Institut für Deutsche Sprache. pp. 7-12.
2016
'The Pragmatic Annotation Scheme of the SPICE-Ireland Corpus'. In International Journal of Corpus Linguistics. 21(3), pp. 299–323.
(with Gisle Andersen) 'Compilation, Transcription, Markup and Annotation of Spoken Corpora'. In  International Journal of Corpus Linguistics. 21(3), pp. 291–298.
2015
'Kind of and sort of: Pragmatic Discourse Markers in the SPICE-Ireland Corpus'. In eds. Carolina P. Amador-Moreno, Kevin McCafferty & Elaine Vaighan, Pragmatic Markers in Irish English Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. pp. 89–113. ISBN 9789027256638
'The Progressive in Irish English: Looking Both Ways?' In ed. Peter C. Collins, Grammatical Change in English World Wide Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. pp. 87-118. ISBN 9789027268907
2013
'Civil Service Scots: Prose or Poetry?' In eds. John M. Kirk and Iseabail Macleod, Scots: Studies in its Literature and Language.  Amsterdam: Rodopi. Scottish Cultural Review of Language and Literature (SCROLL) pp. 278–303 ISSN 1571–0734.
2012
'Beyond the Structural Levels of Language: An Introduction to the SPICE-Ireland Corpus and its Uses.' In eds. Janet Cruickshank and Robert McColl Millar. After the Storm: Papers from the Forum for Research on the Languages of Scotland and Ulster Triennial Meeting, Aberdeen 2012 Aberdeen: Forum for Research on the Languages of Scotland and Ireland. pp. 207–232. ISBN: 978-0-9566549-3-9 [available for download at: http://www.abdn.ac.uk/pfrlsu/volumes/vol4/]
2011
'What is Irish Standard English?English Today, no. 106, pp. 30–37. ISSN 1474-0567
2011
(with Jeffrey L. Kallen) 'The Cultural Context of ICE-Ireland'. In ed. Raymond Hickey, Researching the Languages of Ireland. Uppsala University Press, Seria Celtica Upsaliensis. pp. 269–290. ISBN 978 91 554 8128 5
2011
(with Dónall P. Ó Baoill) 'Réamhrá/Introduction: Strategies for Minority Languages'. In eds. John M. Kirk and Dónall P. Ó Baoill, Strategies for Minority Languages: Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, and Scotland. Belfast Studies in Language, Culture and Politics 22. Belfast: Cló Ollscoil na Banríona. pp. 1–8. ISBN 978 0 85389 977 8
2011
(with Dónall P. Ó Baoill) 'Ten Years of Language and Politics: Impact and Whither Now?' In eds. John M. Kirk and Dónall P. Ó Baoill, Strategies for Minority Languages: Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, and Scotland. Belfast Studies in Language, Culture and Politics 22. Belfast: Cló Ollscoil na Banríona. pp. 264–297. ISBN 978 0 85389 977 8
2011
(with Dónall P. Ó Baoill) 'Introduction'. In eds. John M. Kirk and Dónall P. Ó Baoill, Sustaining Minority Language Development: Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, and Scotland. Belfast Studies in Language, Culture and Politics 20. Belfast: Cló Ollscoil na Banríona. pp. 1–8. ISBN 978 0 85389 976 1
2011
'Scotland and Northern Ireland as Scots-speaking Communities'. In eds. John M. Kirk and Dónall P. Ó Baoill, Sustaining Minority Language Development: Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, and Scotland. Belfast Studies in Language, Culture and Politics 20. Belfast: Cló Ollscoil na Banríona. pp. 193–205. ISBN 978 0 85389 976 1
2010
(with Jeffrey L. Kallen) 'How Scottish is Irish Standard English?' In ed. Robert McColl Millar, Millar, Robert McColl (ed.) 2010. Northern Lights, Northern Words: Selected Papers from the FRLSU Conference, Kirkwall 2009. Aberdeen: Forum for Research on the Languages of Scotland and Ireland. pp. 178–213. ISBN 978 0 9566549 1 5
2009
(with Dónall P. Ó Baoill) 'Language and Economic Development: Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, and Scotland'. In eds. John M. Kirk and Dónall P. Ó Baoill, Language and Economic Development: Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, and Scotland. Belfast Studies in Language, Culture and Politics 19. Belfast: Cló Ollscoil na Banríona. pp. xii–xiv ISBN 978 0 85389 910 X 
2009
(with Jeffrey L. Kallen) 'Negation in Irish Standard English: Comparative Perspectives'. In eds. Esa Penttilä and Heli Paulasto, Language Contacts Meet English Dialects: Studies in Honour of Markku Filppula. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. pp. 277–296. ISBN 978 1 4438 1339 6
2009
(with Jeffrey L. Kallen) 'Just in Irish Standard English'. In eds. Rhonwen Bowen, Mats Mobärg and Sölve Ohlander, Corpora and Discourse - and Stuff. Papers in Honour of Karin Aijmer. Gothenburg Studies in English. Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis. pp. 149–158. ISBN 978 91 7346 669 1
2009
'Word frequency: Use or Misuse?' In ed. Dawn Archer, What's in a Word List? Investigating Word Frequency and Keyword Extraction. London: Ashgate. pp. 17–34. ISBN 978 0 7546 7240 1
2008
'Does the UK Have a Language Policy?' Journal of Irish and Scottish Studies, Vol. 1.2: pp. 205–222.
2007
'Subordinate Clauses in English'. In eds. W. Teubert and R. Krishnamurthy, Corpus Linguistics: Critical Concepts in Linguistics. London: Routledge, vol. IV: pp. 349–364. ISBN  978–0–415–33895–0 [reprint of Kirk 1997]
2007
(with Jeffrey L. Kallen) 'Assessing Celticity in a Corpus of Irish Standard English'. In ed. Hildegard L. C. Tristram, The Celtic Languages in Contact . Potsdam: Potsdam University Press. pp. 270–288. ISBN 978 3 940793 07 2
2007
'ICE-Ireland: Local Variations on Global Standards'. In eds. Joan C. Beal, Karen P. Corrigan and Hermann L. Moisl, Creating and Digitizing Language Corpora, vol. 1: Synchronic Databases. London: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 121–162. ISBN 978 1 4039 4366 8
2006
'Irish Standard English: How Celticised? How Standardised?' In ed. Hildegard L.C. Tristram, The Celtic Englishes IV: The Interface between English and the Celtic Languages. Potsdam: Potsdamer Universitätsverlag. pp. 88–113. ISBN 978 3 939469 06 3
2005
'Language Symbolism and Nation Building: Northern Ireland, Estonia and Moldova', in ed. A. Coretchi, From Misunderstanding towards Openness and Collaboration in Multicultural Societies  (Chisinau: Pontos, published for the East-East Program: Partnership Beyond Borders of the Soros Foundation Moldova) pp. 73–100. ISBN 9975–72–171–0
2005
(with Dónall P. Ó Baoill) 'Legislation, Literature, Sociolinguistics: Current Aspects of Languages in Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, and Scotland'. In eds. John M. Kirk and Dónall P. Ó Baoill, Legislation, Literature, Sociolinguistics: Current Aspects of Languages in Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, and Scotland. Belfast: Cló Ollscoil na Banríona. pp. 1–15. ISBN 0 85389 868 X
2003
(with Dónall P. Ó Baoill) 'Towards our Goals in Broadcasting, the Press, the Performing Arts and the Economy: Minority Languages in Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, and Scotland'. In eds. John M. Kirk and Dónall P. Ó Baoill, Towards our Goals in Broadcasting, the Press, the Performing Arts and the Economy: Minority Languages in Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, and Scotland. Belfast: Cló Ollscoil na Banríona. pp. 1–28. ISBN 0 85389 856 1
2004
'Archipelagic Glotto-Politics: the Scotstacht'. In ed. Hildegard L.C. Tristram, The Celtic Englishes III. Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag. 339–356. ISBN 3 8253 1241 0
2003
(with Jeffrey L. Kallen, Orla Lowry, O. and Anne Rooney). 'Issues Arising from the Compilation of ICE-Ireland', Belfast Working Papers in Language and Linguistics, no. 16, pp. 23–41.
2002
'Teaching Critical Skills in Corpus Linguistics Using the BNC'. In eds. B. Kettemann and G. Marko, Teaching and Learning by Doing Corpus Analysis Amsterdam: Rodopi. pp. 155–164. ISBN 90 420 1450 4
2002
'Applications of the Stenströmian Model of Discourse Structure', in eds. L.-E. Breivik and A. Hasselgren, From the COLT's Mouth, and Others: Language Corpora Studies in honour of Anna-Brita Stenström (Amsterdam: Rodopi 2002) pp. 141-165. ISBN 90 420 1479 2
2002
(with Dónall P. Ó Baoill) 'Travellers and their Language'. In eds. John M. Kirk and  Dónall P. Ó Baoill, Travellers and their Language. Belfast Studies in Language, Culture and Politics 4. Belfast: Cló Ollscoil na Banríona.  pp. 1-8. ISBN 0 85389 832 4
2002
'Language Planning and Education: Linguistic Issues in Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, and Scotland'. In eds. John M. Kirk and Dónall P. Ó Baoill, Language Planning and Education: Linguistic Issues in Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, and Scotland. pp. 1-19. ISBN 0 85389 835 9
2001
(with Jeffrey L. Kallen) 'Convergence and Divergence in the Verb Phrase in Standard Irish English: A Corpus-based Approach'. In eds. John M. Kirk and Dónall P. Ó Baoill, Language Links: The Languages of Scotland and Ireland. Belfast Studies in Language, Culture and Politics 2. Belfast: Cló Ollscoil na Banr‚ona. pp. 61-82. ISBN 0 85389 795 6
2001
(with  Dónall P. Ó Baoill) 'Language Policies for the Gaeltacht and the Scotstacht'. In eds. John M. Kirk and Dónall P. Ó Baoill, Linguistic Politics: Language Policies for Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, and Scotland. Belfast Studies in Language, Culture and Politics 3. Belfast: Cló Ollscoil na Banr‚ona. pp. 1-21. ISBN 0 85389 815 4
2001
'Ulster Scots / Ulst?r-Scotch'. In ed. D. Melvin. Language and Politics / Teanga agus Polait‚ocht Proceedings of a Weekend Conference, 15-16 June 2001, Dún Laoghaoire. Glenageary: Cultures of Ireland. pp. 38-43
2001
'Maps: Dialect and Language'. In ed. Rajend Mesthrie, Concise Encyclopedia of Sociolinguistics. Oxford: Elsevier Science. pp. 350-362. ISBN 0 08 043726 5
2000
'Two Ullans Texts'. In eds. John M. Kirk and Dónall P. Ó Baoill, Language and Politics: Northern Ireland, The Republic of Ireland, and Scotland. Belfast Studies in Language, Culture and Politics 1. Belfast: Cló Olscoill na Banríona. pp. 33-44. ISBN 0 0 85389 791 3
2000
'The New Written Scots Dialect in Present-day Northern Ireland'. In ed. M. Ljung, Linguistic Structure and Variation: A Festschrift for Gunnel Melchers Stockholm Studies in English XCII. Stockholm: Almqvist and Wiksell. pp. 121-138. ISBN 91 631 0014 2
1999
'Contemporary Irish Writing and a Model of Speech Realism'. In eds. I. Taavitsainen, G. Melchers, and P. Pahta, Writing in Nonstandard English Amsterdam: John Benjamins. pp. 45-61. ISBN 90 272 5082 0
'The Dialect Vocabulary of Ulster', Cuadernos de Filología Inglesa, 8, pp. 305-334. ISSN 0213-5485
1997
'Irish English and Contemporary Literary Writing'. In ed. Jeffrey L. Kallen Focus on Ireland. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. pp. 189-205, ISBN 90 272 4879 6
1997
'Ulster Englishes: The State of the Art'. In ed. Hildegard L.C. Tristram, The Celtic Englishes. Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag. pp. 135-179. ISBN 3 8253 0377 2
1997
'Ethnolinguistic Differences in Northern Ireland'. In ed. Alan Thomas, Issues and Methods in Dialectology. Bangor: University of Wales. pp. 55-68. ISBN 0 904567 98 2
1996
'Corpora and Discourse Analysis'. In eds. Ian Lancashire, Charles F. Meyer and Carol Percy. Synchronic Corpus Linguistics. Amsterdam: Rodopi. pp. 263-278, ISBN 90 420 0027 9
1996
'ICE and Teaching'. In ed. Sidney Greenbaum, Comparing English Worldwide: The International Corpus of English. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 227-238. ISBN 0 19 823582 8
1996
'Maps: Dialect and Language'. In eds. R.E. Asher and J.M.Y. Simpson, The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Oxford: Pergamon Press. vol. 5: pp. 2363-2377. ISBN 0 08 035943 4
1994
(with G. Munroe and M.J.D. O'Kane) 'Electronic Word Maps'. In eds. Susan Hockey and Nancy Ide. Research in Humanities Computing. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 195-223. ISBN 0198240392
1994
'East Central Scots: A Computerised Mapping Package'. In eds. A.S. Fenton and D.A. MacDonald, Studies in Gaelic and Scots. Edinburgh: Canongate Academic. pp. 48-68. ISBN 1 898410 11 9
1994
'Taking a Byte at Corpus Linguistics'. In eds. L. Flowerdew and K.K. Tong, Entering Text. Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay. pp. 18-49. ISBN 962 7607 03 7
1994
'Concordances or Databases?' In eds. Udo Fries, Gunnel Tottie and Peter Schneider, Creating and Using English Language Corpora. Amsterdam: Rodopi. pp. 107-115. ISBN 90 5183 629 5
1992
'The Northern Ireland Transcribed Corpus of Speech'. In ed. Gerhard Leitner, New Directions in English Language Corpora. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. pp. 65-73. ISBN 3 11 013201-X
1991
'Language Contact and Scots'. In eds. Sture Ureland and George Broderick, Language Contact in the British Isles. Tübingen: Niemeyer. pp. 535-557. ISBN 3 484 30238 0
1988
'The Dialectology of Scots: The Use of Dramatic Texts'. In ed. Alan Thomas, Methods in Dialectology . Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. pp. 492-509. ISBN 1 85359 022 3
1988
'Inter-corpus Comparisons: The Primary Verb BE'. In ed. Juliette Hamesse, Proceedings of the XIII ALLC Conference, Norwich, 1986. Geneva: Slatkine. pp.123-133.
1987
'The Heteronomy of Scots with Standard English'. In eds. Caroline Macafee, and Iseabail Macleod, The Nuttis Schell: Essays on the Scots Language Presented to Professor A.J. Aitken. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press. pp. 166-181. ISBN 0 08 034530 1
1985
(with S. Sanderson and J.D.A. Widdowson) 'Principles and Practice in Linguistic Geography'. In eds. John M. Kirk, Stewart Sanderson and J.D.A. Widdowson, Studies in Linguistic Geography: The Dialects of English in Britain and Ireland. London: Croom Helm. pp. 1-33. ISBN 0 7099 1502 0
1985
'Linguistic Atlases and Grammar: The Investigation and Description of Regional Variation in English Syntax'. In eds. John M. Kirk, Stewart Sanderson and J.D.A. Widdowson, Studies in Linguistic Geography: The Dialects of English in Britain and Ireland. London: Croom Helm. pp. 130-156, ISBN 0 7099 1502 0